Speech & Language Therapy is
related to any problem in communication. Persons having speech
and language difficulties like not speaking clearly, repeating
certain word, children not speaking at an early age, voice
disorder, problem in communication after an accident and so on,
can be helped with speech therapy. It is a long term process, it
is not an instant formula. It requires consistent practice and
coordinated work between patient, family members and therapist.
Most of these problems are commonly encountered but ignored or
avoided for various reasons.
Speech Therapy focuses on Receptive and Expressive
Language. In simple words it works on building the ability to
understand spoken words and to use words to express oneself. It
is broadly aimed at the following:
Children who are unable to speak as age appropriate
Adults who have lost their speech due to trauma/stroke etc
Below is a brief overview of the conditions which may
warrant speech therapy:
a. Autism: A variable neuro-developmental
disorder characterised by impaired social interaction skills.
b. Misarticulation: Speech disorder where
quality of spoken words is affected.
c. Stammering: A disorder where fluency of
speech is affected.
d. Cluttering: A communication disorder where
the listener can't understand speech due to rapid rate of speech,
erratic rhythm etc.
e. Cleft lip & Palate: Congenital anomaly where
their is a deficit in development of the lip/oral cavity.
f. Aphasia: Can be motor or central, chiefly
seen after stroke/ head injury.
g. Dysarthria: A kind of neuro-motor speech
h.Voice Disorder: resulting from vocal nodules,
g. Hearing Impairment: Speech pathology because
of decreased aural stimulation.
h. Cochlear Implant Rehabilitation: Speech and
language rehabilitation post a cochlear implant.
therapists divide speech defects into five main types:
such as the inability to produce certain sounds;
(rapid, slurred speech), and other fluency problems;
including problems of pitch, voice quality, and volume;
characterized by a child’s slow language development; and
Aphasia, the partial or
total loss of the ability to speak or understand language.
Some speech defects result from a physical condition,
such as brain damage, cleft palate, a disease of the larynx,
or partial or complete deafness. Other speech defects may be
caused by a person’s environment. For example, a child who
receives little encouragement to talk at home may not develop
normal speech skills. Severe emotional problems, such as
pressure to succeed or a lack of love, can also lead to
Our speech therapists diagnose patient's speech
problems , they take detailed case histories and give
patients a special speech and hearing tests. A patient may
need medical or psychological treatment in addition to speech